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      自動駕駛汽車將如何改變我們的生活?

      所屬教程:金融時報原文閱讀

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      qinting

      2020年04月18日

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      掃描二維碼方便學習和分享

      自動駕駛汽車將如何改變我們的生活?

      作為一種文明的產物,我們還沒有考慮即將來臨的自動駕駛汽車革命可能帶來的影響——丑陋的道路標識和標志線將成為過去;我們將會有更多的空閑時間,以及,萬能的“堵車”將不再是開會遲到的借口。

      測試中可能遇到的詞匯和知識:

      legislator立法者['led??sle?t?]

      eyesore眼中釘;難看的東西['a?s??]

      diminish減少,縮小[d?'m?n??]

      sober冷靜的,清醒的;未醉的['s??b?]

      swerve突然轉向;背離[sw??v]

      negligible微不足道的['negl?d??b(?)l]

      go nuts發瘋;失去理智

      brownfield sites棕色地帶,棕色地帶因受到污染而被廢棄或閑置的前工業和商業用地

      Our utopian, dystopian future with self-driving cars(716 words)

      By Jonathan Margolis

      As a civilisation, we have not taken on board the implications of the coming revolution in self-driving cars.

      Auto manufacturers, technology companies including Google, and legislators predict that by 2020, self-driving cars will be navigating public roads in countries such as the US, UK and Finland. Most autonomous vehicles will not be owned by individuals but by companies, then rented out to travellers by the hour.

      Self-driving is heralded as a way of improving traffic flows and decreasing road accidents. But what about the secondary effects of autonomous cars on public transport, the property market and health?

      As with most techno-disruptions, opinion is divided into the utopian and dystopian.

      Let's look at the upsides

      ? Removing fallible, emotional, inattentive humans from behind the steering wheel, where they really have no place, could free up ambulances and hospital accident and emergency departments. Stephen Hamilton, a lawyer in Cambridge who is working on the legality of autonomous cars, says one manufacturer is expecting 99.7 per cent of road accident injuries to be eliminated. It has a team working on ways to prevent the remaining 0.3 per cent of deaths and injuries on the roads.

      ? Car parks are an urban eyesore but their days are numbered if car ownership diminishes. Self-driving cars will rarely park. Instead, they will circulate in cities between passengers. Multi-storey car parks could be turned into homes. Domestic garages and driveways may be turned into green space or living rooms.

      ? Out-of-town pubs and restaurants could enjoy a boom. No need for a sober designated driver if the car is doing the driving.

      ? City and suburban streets will be reclaimed. Over half of their width is taken up with cars parked for days on end. Children could use the liberated space to play and their parents to socialise.

      ? Ugly road signs and lines will become a thing of the past. Autonomous cars do not need them. The cityscape and rural views will be improved.

      ? We will have more spare time — an extra 50 minutes a day typically, according to a McKinsey study.

      ? Autonomous car operators will be imaginative. Cars could come equipped as a gym, cinema or bedroom.

      ? The cost of personal transport will plummet, according to Barclays, from between $1 and $1.60 a mile to as little as 8 cents a mile.

      ? Transport could even be free. When you book a ride in a self-driving taxi and accept ads played at you, the cost could reduce to zero.

      ? The tipping point, says Mr Hamilton, will come when there is a 70 per cent take-up of self-driving vehicles.

      But there will be downsides

      ? Hacking will be a menace. Individuals will try to dismantle their cars' software, causing accidents. Organised hackers and terrorists will seek to cause large accidents. ·Chaos will ensue when autonomous car operators fail to charge their cars sufficiently and run out of power on busy roads. But self-driving cars will be better at negotiating their way around stalled vehicles.

      ? Thrill-seekers could play an updated game of chicken, in which they run in front of a self-driving car to see if it uses its superhuman reaction time to swerve into a lamp post. ·If the cost of going a block or two by car is negligible — or zero — fitness and health could decline.

      ? With travellers free to drink and be driven, alcohol and drug consumption could soar. ·Local councils and national government, stung by diminishing parking and traffic fine revenues, will try to make transport expensive again with taxes per mile travelled.

      ? The media will go nuts for the first 20 or so years about every accident, however minor, involving a self-driving car, even if they currently ignore the global 1.25m deaths and 20-50m injuries on the roads.

      The grey areas

      ? Trains could be doomed. What is the point when cars and lorries can combine to make what is effectively a train on virtual tracks, with each driver enjoying their own space?

      ? While city car parks will be more productively re-purposed, unattractive out-of-town brownfield sites could become vast recharging parks where autonomous cars go for power and servicing through the night.

      ? There will be a boom in out-of-town racetracks for people to drive fast and take risks in manually driven cars.

      ? Being late to a meeting “because of traffic” will be over as an excuse.

      1.When will the self-driving cars be navigating public roads in US, UK and Finland according to Google's prediction?

      A.2018

      B.2020

      C.2022

      D.2025

      答案(1)

      2.Which one is not right about car parks and self-driving cars in the future?

      A.They are an urban eyesore

      B.Domestic garages and driveways may be turned into government land

      C.Self-driving cars will rarely park

      D.Multi-storey car parks may be turned into homes

      答案(2)

      3.How much is the cost of personal transport per mile with autonomous cars according to Barclays?

      A.8 cents

      B.$1

      C.$1.60

      D.$8

      答案(3)

      4.Which one of the following is not belong to the grey areas?

      A.Trains could be doomed.

      B.There will be a boom in out-of-town racetracks for people to drive fast and take risks in manually driven cars.

      C.The media will go nuts for the first 20 or so years about every accident.

      D.Being late to a meeting “because of traffic” will be over as an excuse.

      答案(4)

      (1)答案:B.2020

      解釋:汽車制造商、包括谷歌(Google)在內的技術公司以及議員們預測,到2020年,自動駕駛汽車將會在美國、英國和芬蘭等國家的公共道路上行駛。

      (2)答案:B.Domestic garages and driveways may be turned into government land

      解釋:停車場在城市中顯得礙眼,但如果擁有汽車的人逐漸減少,它們存在的日子將屈指可數。自動駕駛汽車很少會停車。相反,它們將會巡游在城市里接送乘客。多層停車場可能轉變為住宅。家里車庫和私家車道可能轉變為綠地或起居室。

      (3)答案:A.8 cents

      解釋:巴克萊(Barclays)表示,個人交通成本將會大幅下降,從每英里1美元至1.60美元降至微不足道的每英里8美分。

      (4)答案:C.The media will go nuts for the first 20 or so years about every accident.

      解釋:媒體將會發瘋似的報道頭20年左右與自動駕駛汽車有關的每一起事故,無論事故多小,這是屬于不利的一面。

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